Glossary of Drug Terms
Many of the terms associated with addiction, treatment, and recovery are new to those who aren’t well versed in the terminology. At Banyan Detox Boca Raton, we provide comprehensive drug and alcohol addiction treatment. We know that the more a person understands about addiction and treatment, the easier the treatment process will be. We’ve put together a glossary of common terms regarding treatment and detox programs in Boca. Whether you’re working for sobriety yourself or you have a loved one who needs treatment, acquainting yourself with treatment terms is a great step in successful sobriety.
Addiction: Repeating an activity that causes harm to an individual or to others.
Age at Onset: The age at which a person’s addiction began.
Amphetamine: A stimulant that is typically used to treat ADHD and sleep disorders. Adderall is a brand name amphetamine.
Antagonist: A substance that mutes the effects of another substance by blocking biological receptors.
Barbiturates: A drug that depresses the central nervous system.
Benzodiazepine: Depressants that induce sleep and prevent seizures. Also known as benzos.
Carcinogen: Cancer-causing chemicals, often found in cigarettes.
Craving: The desire to use drugs or alcohol.
Depressants: Sedatives that act on the central nervous system, lowering activity and levels of arousal.
Detox: The process of removing chemical controls of drugs or alcohol. Typically involves withdrawals and can last several hours to several days.
Dopamine: A chemical that is naturally produced by the body. This neurotransmitter signals other cells, creating feelings of pleasure. Can be triggered or produced by some drugs.
Drug Tolerance: A reduction in responsiveness to a drug, resulting in the user taking increasingly high doses.
Enabling: Helping an addicted person continue their drug or alcohol use.
Fentanyl: A synthetic opiate that is 100 times more potent than morphine.
Heroin: An opioid generally used illegally for euphoric effects. It is injected, snorted, inhaled, or smoked.
Morphine: A pain medication that depresses the central nervous system, decreasing feelings of pain.
Narcan: The brand name of naloxone, a medication that blocks the effects of opioids. It is used to revive individuals from an opiate overdose.
Neurotransmitter: Chemical messengers in the brain that are transmitted between synapse in the brain. Some drugs alter the performance of these neurotransmitters.
Opiate: A category of drugs created from the natural ingredients of poppies.
Opioids: The synthetic type of opium.
Painkillers: Drugs that are prescribed by doctors or medical professionals to treat pain. Can be highly addictive.
Relapse: Using a drug after abstaining from use. Often after recovery programs are completed.
Sobriety: The state of not using any drugs or alcohol.
Stimulant: Drugs that create alertness or wakefulness by acting on the central nervous system.
Trigger: Anything that causes a person to desire drugs or alcohol after achieving sobriety. Can be a place, an event, or even a smell.
Withdrawal: The physical side effects when a person stops using drugs or alcohol. Can include symptoms such as sweating, anxiety, nausea, and more.